Poultry Farming: Is It Profitable In Nepal?

2 January, 2023 By:SB Group

Poultry farming has been the inception of commercial farming and has been going in the industry for decades. To get the facts straight, this medium of farming with pure line birds was introduced through a government program more than 50 years ago.

However, it has only been around 50 years since people started hybrid bird farming, and since then, there has been a multitude of changes and growth in this industry. Today, Chitwan is the country’s largest producer of poultry products, followed by Kavre, Dhading, Kathmandu, and Kaski.

Poultry Farming

Poultry Farm(Rawpixel)

Yes, poultry farming has been rising as an enterprise, yet is it profitable? Typically, looking into the consumption and Nepali’s love for meat is enough to state that this industry is booming. But also, yes, it will have its own set of threats caused by diseases and continuously increasing feed costs which narrows your profit margin.

Poultry Farming As An Enterprise

So, are you looking forward to starting your enterprise as a poultry farmer? Are you looking if it is profitable even today or not? And do you have the basic idea foundation to begin this line of work?

Let us first run down the basics! Poultry farming is indeed one of the models of the agricultural industry, and it is simply to raise the birds for their meat, eggs, or even feathers. Here, the bird may be a chicken, duck, or turkey.

Also, another important fact is if you raise the bird for an egg, it is known as layers. However, if you are growing a bird for meat, it will be known as a broiler. Now as you know the basics of standing poultry farming, which bird would you like to go with?

Poultry Farming

Poultry Farming (Pixahive)

And if you have the bird, which breed will you raise? What are you planning to use for their feeds? Where are you going to raise them? Do you know the species, and most importantly, is it even profitable?

Unlike old times, when you would need to wait about half a year for your boilers to mature, only think of selling; at the moment, it will only take a few months. But to make your poultry farming a large-scale business, you will need to consider certain factors to make your business profitable.

Below are some essential factors you will need to consider regarding bird farming.

  • Shelter for your bird
  • Good breed of the bird to earn profit
  • Correct nutrition and diet
  • Necessary equipment and fair knowledge about the breed, their diseases, anatomy, and necessities.

Profitability Of Poultry Farming

Before we get right into the profits of poultry farming alone, it is vital to know the demand for meat. As per the sources, the worldwide meat market has grown over 60% since the 80s and is still increasing.

Not to mention one of the highest demands in the form of meat are of the broilers. Likewise, looking just inside Nepal, bird farming fulfills about 13 percent of the country’s meat requirement.

Now, looking at the commercial side of poultry farming, about 64 districts in the country are involved in this industry. Among them, 75% of the regular poultry farmers are on the profit side, with a high chance of gaining more.

Poultry can mature in just a few months, making it favorable to yield profit around 4 to 5 times a year. In addition to that, multiple families rely on poultry farming for the fulfillment of their essential needs.

As the poultry business provides high-quality refined meat with animal protein in an accessible form and at less cost, this farming has always had a high demand in Nepal.

Below are some reasons why poultry farming is an essential part of agriculture.

  • This business never gets dry.
  • It creates employment and trading opportunities.
  • It provides a quick return on investment.

Scope Of Poultry Farming

Bird Farming, which used to be done only in remote areas, has emerged, and now it is widely used all over the country. Hence, it has successfully created a broad scope and marketing opportunities.

According to a recent survey report titled “Nepal Commercial Poultry Survey 2014-15” by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Nepal has an annual production of 114,058 tons, with an egg production of 1.20 billion per year. Similarly, a single Nepali eats an average of 4.1 kg per hen and 44 eggs annually.

Talking only about birds, there are 9.8 million birds for poultry, among which 20% are improved breeds while the rest are the indigenous groups. Likewise, there are 3.3 million laying birds, and a single bird lays an average of 80 eggs annually. With that, there are about 265 million eggs manually in the country.

In A Nutshell

Poultry farming is a pivotal aspect of agriculture, and this enterprise is forever booming. This meat product’s affordable and nutritional value is why the industry is emerging and has a high return on investment.