Poultry meat and its products are highly consumed commodities in Nepal. But are the Poultry Farming Industries making a good profit out of it? Keep on reading the article to learn about the status of the poultry farming in Nepal.
Initially, birds used to be raised in the house’s backyard in semi-urban and rural areas of Nepal. Subsequently, poultry farming became commercial in the country as people developed a taste for chicken dishes.
Chickens are still raised in most households in Nepal, but poultry farming is more popular based on the increasing demand for meat. According to the researchers, poultry farming is an integral part of agriculture in Nepal; however, it is also challenging.
The profitability of poultry farming depends on the quality of chicken and the market it gets. Similarly, there are several challenges that have often taken the business downhill. However, according to the CBS survey reports. Poultry farming in Nepal has got a commendable turnover in recent years.
Overview of Poultry Farming in Nepal
Poultry farming is one of the fastest-growing agricultural businesses in Nepal as the demand is very high. Two major types of chickens are commercially raised in Nepal, layers and broilers. Layers chickens are raised for eggs, while broiler chickens are raised for meat. However, several hybrid breeds of chickens are commercially raised in Nepal.
Several parameters are responsible for successfully running a poultry farming business, such as the breed of the chicken, nutrition, incubation, hatching, breeding, and the environment in which it grows. Free ranch chicken is more nutritious and tastier than those reared inside the cage. In fact, free ranch chicken and their eggs are costly as well.
Different Fowls raised in Nepal.
Besides, chickens aren’t the only poultry raised currently in Nepal. There are other several fowls like Duck, Turkey, Quail, Pheasants, etc.
Besides, poultry farming is popular in Nepal because of the certain advantages that it possesses over other kinds of businesses. Some of these advantages are:
- Poultry is a low-cost business; hence anyone can start up even with the smallest amount of investment. Hence, it is quite popular in rural areas as well.
- It has a low generation Interval. The commercially produced broiler chickens are ready for consumption within 40 days of rearing it, hence the profit generation period is very short which is good for the small-scale farmers.
- Poultry is a low-cost protein source as it doesn’t require additional effort and cost to rear like other cattle. It requires a lesser timer, and land and is a low maintenance business.
- Poultry farming also has a complementary role to other farming practices as its wastage can be used as a manure for fields.
Challenges of Poultry Farming in Nepal
Although the poultry business is rapidly growing and seems a promising source of income in developing countries like Nepal. It has several challenges that a farmer has to face to be successful. Some of these challenges are:
- The unstable market for eggs and meat is a significant issue in making poultry farming a profitable business. The instability is due to factors like lack of proper transportation, seasonal viral diseases, and unstable political conditions. The riots and political demonstration that cause blockade has often caused a huge loss to the poultry farmers in Nepal.
- Low Technical Efficiency is Nepal in animal husbandry is another problem that is affecting the sustainability of poultry farming. It is challenging to maintain favorable growth conditions in natural environments, and the availability of cheap technical provisions like temperature and light control can be advantageous. However, a lack of suitable technical efficiency has often caused a loss in poultry farming.
- New Challenging diseases are the major deal killer of the poultry business in Nepal. The mutated version of the H1N1 virus that causes Bird Flu has been constantly affecting the poultry business. Every year the viral disease causes the death of a huge amount of loss to the poultry business.
A group of chickens with Bird Flu.
- Adverse climatic conditions that have resulted due to climate change is also impacting the poultry business in Nepal. The young chicks are susceptible to adverse temperature, light, and sound, so the changing atmospheric conditions have severely hampered poultry farming in developing countries like Nepal while maintaining the artificial conditions is too costly for normal farmers.
- The lack of genetic improvements in the traditional breeds is another reason for the lack of sustainability in poultry production. The inability to improve the prevalent breeds has compelled us to import the foreign breed, which is also causing high costs in the poultry business.
Profitability of Poultry Farming
Poultry farming is a very profitable business in Nepal. As per the researchers, commercial poultry production has increased by three folds in Nepal.
According to a survey report by the Central Bureau of Statistics made in 2015, a Nepali person eats 4.1kg of chicken and 44 eggs annually on average. The report also states it is below the global average by a good margin.
Similarly, the report also said that the commercial production of chicken meat is 114,058 tons annually and of chicken eggs is 1.20 billion sets annually.
Besides meat and eggs, poultry farming also gets profit from selling the chicken manure and breeding chicks for sale.
As per the CBS reports, the annual turnover of poultry farming in the year 2016 was 33.72 billion per annum.
The lost cost, lesser maintenance requirements, and overlapping usage of poultry farming have certainly made poultry farming a profitable business in Nepal.
However, if certain technical aspects can be worked on then the profit margin can be increased better than what is currently existing. The profit of farming isn’t just in the money but also it is the source of recreation and entertainment in Nepal. Several pheasant resorts are opened in Nepal with the intention to save the bird as well as to make the fowl a good source of income and entertainment.